ucounts: Fix signal ucount refcounting

In commit fda31c50292a ("signal: avoid double atomic counter
increments for user accounting") Linus made a clever optimization to
how rlimits and the struct user_struct.  Unfortunately that
optimization does not work in the obvious way when moved to nested
rlimits.  The problem is that the last decrement of the per user
namespace per user sigpending counter might also be the last decrement
of the sigpending counter in the parent user namespace as well.  Which
means that simply freeing the leaf ucount in __free_sigqueue is not

Maintain the optimization and handle the tricky cases by introducing
inc_rlimit_get_ucounts and dec_rlimit_put_ucounts.

By moving the entire optimization into functions that perform all of
the work it becomes possible to ensure that every level is handled

The new function inc_rlimit_get_ucounts returns 0 on failure to
increment the ucount.  This is different than inc_rlimit_ucounts which
increments the ucounts and returns LONG_MAX if the ucount counter has
exceeded it's maximum or it wrapped (to indicate the counter needs to

I wish we had a single user to account all pending signals to across
all of the threads of a process so this complexity was not necessary

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: d64696905554 ("Reimplement RLIMIT_SIGPENDING on top of ucounts")
v1: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87mtnavszx.fsf_-_@disp2133
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87fssytizw.fsf_-_@disp2133
Reviewed-by: Alexey Gladkov <legion@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Rune Kleveland <rune.kleveland@infomedia.dk>
Tested-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Tested-by: Jordan Glover <Golden_Miller83@protonmail.ch>
Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
3 files changed