blob: ffdfbc8b0e3cab54b046b36929b1a38fd987e04a [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/*
* linux/mm/filemap.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1994-1999 Linus Torvalds
*/
/*
* This file handles the generic file mmap semantics used by
* most "normal" filesystems (but you don't /have/ to use this:
* the NFS filesystem used to do this differently, for example)
*/
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/dax.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/error-injection.h>
#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include <linux/shmem_fs.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
#include <linux/psi.h>
#include <linux/ramfs.h>
#include <linux/page_idle.h>
#include <linux/migrate.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include "internal.h"
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/filemap.h>
/*
* FIXME: remove all knowledge of the buffer layer from the core VM
*/
#include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for try_to_free_buffers */
#include <asm/mman.h>
/*
* Shared mappings implemented 30.11.1994. It's not fully working yet,
* though.
*
* Shared mappings now work. 15.8.1995 Bruno.
*
* finished 'unifying' the page and buffer cache and SMP-threaded the
* page-cache, 21.05.1999, Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
*
* SMP-threaded pagemap-LRU 1999, Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de>
*/
/*
* Lock ordering:
*
* ->i_mmap_rwsem (truncate_pagecache)
* ->private_lock (__free_pte->block_dirty_folio)
* ->swap_lock (exclusive_swap_page, others)
* ->i_pages lock
*
* ->i_rwsem
* ->invalidate_lock (acquired by fs in truncate path)
* ->i_mmap_rwsem (truncate->unmap_mapping_range)
*
* ->mmap_lock
* ->i_mmap_rwsem
* ->page_table_lock or pte_lock (various, mainly in memory.c)
* ->i_pages lock (arch-dependent flush_dcache_mmap_lock)
*
* ->mmap_lock
* ->invalidate_lock (filemap_fault)
* ->lock_page (filemap_fault, access_process_vm)
*
* ->i_rwsem (generic_perform_write)
* ->mmap_lock (fault_in_readable->do_page_fault)
*
* bdi->wb.list_lock
* sb_lock (fs/fs-writeback.c)
* ->i_pages lock (__sync_single_inode)
*
* ->i_mmap_rwsem
* ->anon_vma.lock (vma_adjust)
*
* ->anon_vma.lock
* ->page_table_lock or pte_lock (anon_vma_prepare and various)
*
* ->page_table_lock or pte_lock
* ->swap_lock (try_to_unmap_one)
* ->private_lock (try_to_unmap_one)
* ->i_pages lock (try_to_unmap_one)
* ->lruvec->lru_lock (follow_page->mark_page_accessed)
* ->lruvec->lru_lock (check_pte_range->isolate_lru_page)
* ->private_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
* ->i_pages lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
* bdi.wb->list_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
* ->inode->i_lock (page_remove_rmap->set_page_dirty)
* ->memcg->move_lock (page_remove_rmap->lock_page_memcg)
* bdi.wb->list_lock (zap_pte_range->set_page_dirty)
* ->inode->i_lock (zap_pte_range->set_page_dirty)
* ->private_lock (zap_pte_range->block_dirty_folio)
*
* ->i_mmap_rwsem
* ->tasklist_lock (memory_failure, collect_procs_ao)
*/
static void page_cache_delete(struct address_space *mapping,
struct folio *folio, void *shadow)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, folio->index);
long nr = 1;
mapping_set_update(&xas, mapping);
/* hugetlb pages are represented by a single entry in the xarray */
if (!folio_test_hugetlb(folio)) {
xas_set_order(&xas, folio->index, folio_order(folio));
nr = folio_nr_pages(folio);
}
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(!folio_test_locked(folio), folio);
xas_store(&xas, shadow);
xas_init_marks(&xas);
folio->mapping = NULL;
/* Leave page->index set: truncation lookup relies upon it */
mapping->nrpages -= nr;
}
static void filemap_unaccount_folio(struct address_space *mapping,
struct folio *folio)
{
long nr;
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(folio_mapped(folio), folio);
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_VM) && unlikely(folio_mapped(folio))) {
pr_alert("BUG: Bad page cache in process %s pfn:%05lx\n",
current->comm, folio_pfn(folio));
dump_page(&folio->page, "still mapped when deleted");
dump_stack();
add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE);
if (mapping_exiting(mapping) && !folio_test_large(folio)) {
int mapcount = page_mapcount(&folio->page);
if (folio_ref_count(folio) >= mapcount + 2) {
/*
* All vmas have already been torn down, so it's
* a good bet that actually the page is unmapped
* and we'd rather not leak it: if we're wrong,
* another bad page check should catch it later.
*/
page_mapcount_reset(&folio->page);
folio_ref_sub(folio, mapcount);
}
}
}
/* hugetlb folios do not participate in page cache accounting. */
if (folio_test_hugetlb(folio))
return;
nr = folio_nr_pages(folio);
__lruvec_stat_mod_folio(folio, NR_FILE_PAGES, -nr);
if (folio_test_swapbacked(folio)) {
__lruvec_stat_mod_folio(folio, NR_SHMEM, -nr);
if (folio_test_pmd_mappable(folio))
__lruvec_stat_mod_folio(folio, NR_SHMEM_THPS, -nr);
} else if (folio_test_pmd_mappable(folio)) {
__lruvec_stat_mod_folio(folio, NR_FILE_THPS, -nr);
filemap_nr_thps_dec(mapping);
}
/*
* At this point folio must be either written or cleaned by
* truncate. Dirty folio here signals a bug and loss of
* unwritten data - on ordinary filesystems.
*
* But it's harmless on in-memory filesystems like tmpfs; and can
* occur when a driver which did get_user_pages() sets page dirty
* before putting it, while the inode is being finally evicted.
*
* Below fixes dirty accounting after removing the folio entirely
* but leaves the dirty flag set: it has no effect for truncated
* folio and anyway will be cleared before returning folio to
* buddy allocator.
*/
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(folio_test_dirty(folio) &&
mapping_can_writeback(mapping)))
folio_account_cleaned(folio, inode_to_wb(mapping->host));
}
/*
* Delete a page from the page cache and free it. Caller has to make
* sure the page is locked and that nobody else uses it - or that usage
* is safe. The caller must hold the i_pages lock.
*/
void __filemap_remove_folio(struct folio *folio, void *shadow)
{
struct address_space *mapping = folio->mapping;
trace_mm_filemap_delete_from_page_cache(folio);
filemap_unaccount_folio(mapping, folio);
page_cache_delete(mapping, folio, shadow);
}
void filemap_free_folio(struct address_space *mapping, struct folio *folio)
{
void (*free_folio)(struct folio *);
int refs = 1;
free_folio = mapping->a_ops->free_folio;
if (free_folio)
free_folio(folio);
if (folio_test_large(folio) && !folio_test_hugetlb(folio))
refs = folio_nr_pages(folio);
folio_put_refs(folio, refs);
}
/**
* filemap_remove_folio - Remove folio from page cache.
* @folio: The folio.
*
* This must be called only on folios that are locked and have been
* verified to be in the page cache. It will never put the folio into
* the free list because the caller has a reference on the page.
*/
void filemap_remove_folio(struct folio *folio)
{
struct address_space *mapping = folio->mapping;
BUG_ON(!folio_test_locked(folio));
spin_lock(&mapping->host->i_lock);
xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
__filemap_remove_folio(folio, NULL);
xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
if (mapping_shrinkable(mapping))
inode_add_lru(mapping->host);
spin_unlock(&mapping->host->i_lock);
filemap_free_folio(mapping, folio);
}
/*
* page_cache_delete_batch - delete several folios from page cache
* @mapping: the mapping to which folios belong
* @fbatch: batch of folios to delete
*
* The function walks over mapping->i_pages and removes folios passed in
* @fbatch from the mapping. The function expects @fbatch to be sorted
* by page index and is optimised for it to be dense.
* It tolerates holes in @fbatch (mapping entries at those indices are not
* modified).
*
* The function expects the i_pages lock to be held.
*/
static void page_cache_delete_batch(struct address_space *mapping,
struct folio_batch *fbatch)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, fbatch->folios[0]->index);
long total_pages = 0;
int i = 0;
struct folio *folio;
mapping_set_update(&xas, mapping);
xas_for_each(&xas, folio, ULONG_MAX) {
if (i >= folio_batch_count(fbatch))
break;
/* A swap/dax/shadow entry got inserted? Skip it. */
if (xa_is_value(folio))
continue;
/*
* A page got inserted in our range? Skip it. We have our
* pages locked so they are protected from being removed.
* If we see a page whose index is higher than ours, it
* means our page has been removed, which shouldn't be
* possible because we're holding the PageLock.
*/
if (folio != fbatch->folios[i]) {
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(folio->index >
fbatch->folios[i]->index, folio);
continue;
}
WARN_ON_ONCE(!folio_test_locked(folio));
folio->mapping = NULL;
/* Leave folio->index set: truncation lookup relies on it */
i++;
xas_store(&xas, NULL);
total_pages += folio_nr_pages(folio);
}
mapping->nrpages -= total_pages;
}
void delete_from_page_cache_batch(struct address_space *mapping,
struct folio_batch *fbatch)
{
int i;
if (!folio_batch_count(fbatch))
return;
spin_lock(&mapping->host->i_lock);
xa_lock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
for (i = 0; i < folio_batch_count(fbatch); i++) {
struct folio *folio = fbatch->folios[i];
trace_mm_filemap_delete_from_page_cache(folio);
filemap_unaccount_folio(mapping, folio);
}
page_cache_delete_batch(mapping, fbatch);
xa_unlock_irq(&mapping->i_pages);
if (mapping_shrinkable(mapping))
inode_add_lru(mapping->host);
spin_unlock(&mapping->host->i_lock);
for (i = 0; i < folio_batch_count(fbatch); i++)
filemap_free_folio(mapping, fbatch->folios[i]);
}
int filemap_check_errors(struct address_space *mapping)
{
int ret = 0;
/* Check for outstanding write errors */
if (test_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags) &&
test_and_clear_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags))
ret = -ENOSPC;
if (test_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags) &&
test_and_clear_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags))
ret = -EIO;
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_check_errors);
static int filemap_check_and_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping)
{
/* Check for outstanding write errors */
if (test_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags))
return -EIO;
if (test_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags))
return -ENOSPC;
return 0;
}
/**
* filemap_fdatawrite_wbc - start writeback on mapping dirty pages in range
* @mapping: address space structure to write
* @wbc: the writeback_control controlling the writeout
*
* Call writepages on the mapping using the provided wbc to control the
* writeout.
*
* Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise.
*/
int filemap_fdatawrite_wbc(struct address_space *mapping,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
int ret;
if (!mapping_can_writeback(mapping) ||
!mapping_tagged(mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY))
return 0;
wbc_attach_fdatawrite_inode(wbc, mapping->host);
ret = do_writepages(mapping, wbc);
wbc_detach_inode(wbc);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawrite_wbc);
/**
* __filemap_fdatawrite_range - start writeback on mapping dirty pages in range
* @mapping: address space structure to write
* @start: offset in bytes where the range starts
* @end: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive)
* @sync_mode: enable synchronous operation
*
* Start writeback against all of a mapping's dirty pages that lie
* within the byte offsets <start, end> inclusive.
*
* If sync_mode is WB_SYNC_ALL then this is a "data integrity" operation, as
* opposed to a regular memory cleansing writeback. The difference between
* these two operations is that if a dirty page/buffer is encountered, it must
* be waited upon, and not just skipped over.
*
* Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise.
*/
int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start,
loff_t end, int sync_mode)
{
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.sync_mode = sync_mode,
.nr_to_write = LONG_MAX,
.range_start = start,
.range_end = end,
};
return filemap_fdatawrite_wbc(mapping, &wbc);
}
static inline int __filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *mapping,
int sync_mode)
{
return __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX, sync_mode);
}
int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *mapping)
{
return __filemap_fdatawrite(mapping, WB_SYNC_ALL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawrite);
int filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start,
loff_t end)
{
return __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, start, end, WB_SYNC_ALL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawrite_range);
/**
* filemap_flush - mostly a non-blocking flush
* @mapping: target address_space
*
* This is a mostly non-blocking flush. Not suitable for data-integrity
* purposes - I/O may not be started against all dirty pages.
*
* Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise.
*/
int filemap_flush(struct address_space *mapping)
{
return __filemap_fdatawrite(mapping, WB_SYNC_NONE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_flush);
/**
* filemap_range_has_page - check if a page exists in range.
* @mapping: address space within which to check
* @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts
* @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive)
*
* Find at least one page in the range supplied, usually used to check if
* direct writing in this range will trigger a writeback.
*
* Return: %true if at least one page exists in the specified range,
* %false otherwise.
*/
bool filemap_range_has_page(struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte)
{
struct page *page;
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT);
pgoff_t max = end_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT;
if (end_byte < start_byte)
return false;
rcu_read_lock();
for (;;) {
page = xas_find(&xas, max);
if (xas_retry(&xas, page))
continue;
/* Shadow entries don't count */
if (xa_is_value(page))
continue;
/*
* We don't need to try to pin this page; we're about to
* release the RCU lock anyway. It is enough to know that
* there was a page here recently.
*/
break;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return page != NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_range_has_page);
static void __filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte)
{
pgoff_t index = start_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT;
pgoff_t end = end_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT;
struct pagevec pvec;
int nr_pages;
if (end_byte < start_byte)
return;
pagevec_init(&pvec);
while (index <= end) {
unsigned i;
nr_pages = pagevec_lookup_range_tag(&pvec, mapping, &index,
end, PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK);
if (!nr_pages)
break;
for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
struct page *page = pvec.pages[i];
wait_on_page_writeback(page);
ClearPageError(page);
}
pagevec_release(&pvec);
cond_resched();
}
}
/**
* filemap_fdatawait_range - wait for writeback to complete
* @mapping: address space structure to wait for
* @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts
* @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive)
*
* Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space
* in the given range and wait for all of them. Check error status of
* the address space and return it.
*
* Since the error status of the address space is cleared by this function,
* callers are responsible for checking the return value and handling and/or
* reporting the error.
*
* Return: error status of the address space.
*/
int filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte,
loff_t end_byte)
{
__filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start_byte, end_byte);
return filemap_check_errors(mapping);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait_range);
/**
* filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors - wait for writeback to complete
* @mapping: address space structure to wait for
* @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts
* @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive)
*
* Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space in the
* given range and wait for all of them. Unlike filemap_fdatawait_range(),
* this function does not clear error status of the address space.
*
* Use this function if callers don't handle errors themselves. Expected
* call sites are system-wide / filesystem-wide data flushers: e.g. sync(2),
* fsfreeze(8)
*/
int filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte)
{
__filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start_byte, end_byte);
return filemap_check_and_keep_errors(mapping);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors);
/**
* file_fdatawait_range - wait for writeback to complete
* @file: file pointing to address space structure to wait for
* @start_byte: offset in bytes where the range starts
* @end_byte: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive)
*
* Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the address space that file
* refers to, in the given range and wait for all of them. Check error
* status of the address space vs. the file->f_wb_err cursor and return it.
*
* Since the error status of the file is advanced by this function,
* callers are responsible for checking the return value and handling and/or
* reporting the error.
*
* Return: error status of the address space vs. the file->f_wb_err cursor.
*/
int file_fdatawait_range(struct file *file, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte)
{
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
__filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, start_byte, end_byte);
return file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_fdatawait_range);
/**
* filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors - wait for writeback without clearing errors
* @mapping: address space structure to wait for
*
* Walk the list of under-writeback pages of the given address space
* and wait for all of them. Unlike filemap_fdatawait(), this function
* does not clear error status of the address space.
*
* Use this function if callers don't handle errors themselves. Expected
* call sites are system-wide / filesystem-wide data flushers: e.g. sync(2),
* fsfreeze(8)
*
* Return: error status of the address space.
*/
int filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping)
{
__filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX);
return filemap_check_and_keep_errors(mapping);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors);
/* Returns true if writeback might be needed or already in progress. */
static bool mapping_needs_writeback(struct address_space *mapping)
{
return mapping->nrpages;
}
bool filemap_range_has_writeback(struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT);
pgoff_t max = end_byte >> PAGE_SHIFT;
struct page *page;
if (end_byte < start_byte)
return false;
rcu_read_lock();
xas_for_each(&xas, page, max) {
if (xas_retry(&xas, page))
continue;
if (xa_is_value(page))
continue;
if (PageDirty(page) || PageLocked(page) || PageWriteback(page))
break;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return page != NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(filemap_range_has_writeback);
/**
* filemap_write_and_wait_range - write out & wait on a file range
* @mapping: the address_space for the pages
* @lstart: offset in bytes where the range starts
* @lend: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive)
*
* Write out and wait upon file offsets lstart->lend, inclusive.
*
* Note that @lend is inclusive (describes the last byte to be written) so
* that this function can be used to write to the very end-of-file (end = -1).
*
* Return: error status of the address space.
*/
int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t lstart, loff_t lend)
{
int err = 0;
if (mapping_needs_writeback(mapping)) {
err = __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, lstart, lend,
WB_SYNC_ALL);
/*
* Even if the above returned error, the pages may be
* written partially (e.g. -ENOSPC), so we wait for it.
* But the -EIO is special case, it may indicate the worst
* thing (e.g. bug) happened, so we avoid waiting for it.
*/
if (err != -EIO) {
int err2 = filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping,
lstart, lend);
if (!err)
err = err2;
} else {
/* Clear any previously stored errors */
filemap_check_errors(mapping);
}
} else {
err = filemap_check_errors(mapping);
}
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_write_and_wait_range);
void __filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err)
{
errseq_t eseq = errseq_set(&mapping->wb_err, err);
trace_filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, eseq);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__filemap_set_wb_err);
/**
* file_check_and_advance_wb_err - report wb error (if any) that was previously
* and advance wb_err to current one
* @file: struct file on which the error is being reported
*
* When userland calls fsync (or something like nfsd does the equivalent), we
* want to report any writeback errors that occurred since the last fsync (or
* since the file was opened if there haven't been any).
*
* Grab the wb_err from the mapping. If it matches what we have in the file,
* then just quickly return 0. The file is all caught up.
*
* If it doesn't match, then take the mapping value, set the "seen" flag in
* it and try to swap it into place. If it works, or another task beat us
* to it with the new value, then update the f_wb_err and return the error
* portion. The error at this point must be reported via proper channels
* (a'la fsync, or NFS COMMIT operation, etc.).
*
* While we handle mapping->wb_err with atomic operations, the f_wb_err
* value is protected by the f_lock since we must ensure that it reflects
* the latest value swapped in for this file descriptor.
*
* Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise.
*/
int file_check_and_advance_wb_err(struct file *file)
{
int err = 0;
errseq_t old = READ_ONCE(file->f_wb_err);
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
/* Locklessly handle the common case where nothing has changed */
if (errseq_check(&mapping->wb_err, old)) {
/* Something changed, must use slow path */
spin_lock(&file->f_lock);
old = file->f_wb_err;
err = errseq_check_and_advance(&mapping->wb_err,
&file->f_wb_err);
trace_file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file, old);
spin_unlock(&file->f_lock);
}
/*
* We're mostly using this function as a drop in replacement for
* filemap_check_errors. Clear AS_EIO/AS_ENOSPC to emulate the effect
* that the legacy code would have had on these flags.
*/
clear_bit(AS_EIO, &mapping->flags);
clear_bit(AS_ENOSPC, &mapping->flags);
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_check_and_advance_wb_err);
/**
* file_write_and_wait_range - write out & wait on a file range
* @file: file pointing to address_space with pages
* @lstart: offset in bytes where the range starts
* @lend: offset in bytes where the range ends (inclusive)
*
* Write out and wait upon file offsets lstart->lend, inclusive.
*
* Note that @lend is inclusive (describes the last byte to be written) so
* that this function can be used to write to the very end-of-file (end = -1).
*
* After writing out and waiting on the data, we check and advance the
* f_wb_err cursor to the latest value, and return any errors detected there.
*
* Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise.
*/
int file_write_and_wait_range(struct file *file, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend)
{
int err = 0, err2;
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
if (mapping_needs_writeback(mapping)) {
err = __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, lstart, lend,
WB_SYNC_ALL);
/* See comment of filemap_write_and_wait() */
if (err != -EIO)
__filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, lstart, lend);
}
err2 = file_check_and_advance_wb_err(file);
if (!err)
err = err2;
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_write_and_wait_range);
/**
* replace_page_cache_page - replace a pagecache page with a new one
* @old: page to be replaced
* @new: page to replace with
*
* This function replaces a page in the pagecache with a new one. On
* success it acquires the pagecache reference for the new page and
* drops it for the old page. Both the old and new pages must be
* locked. This function does not add the new page to the LRU, the
* caller must do that.
*
* The remove + add is atomic. This function cannot fail.
*/
void replace_page_cache_page(struct page *old, struct page *new)
{
struct folio *fold = page_folio(old);
struct folio *fnew = page_folio(new);
struct address_space *mapping = old->mapping;
void (*free_folio)(struct folio *) = mapping->a_ops->free_folio;
pgoff_t offset = old->index;
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, offset);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(old), old);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(new), new);
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(new->mapping, new);
get_page(new);
new->mapping = mapping;
new->index = offset;
mem_cgroup_migrate(fold, fnew);
xas_lock_irq(&xas);
xas_store(&xas, new);
old->mapping = NULL;
/* hugetlb pages do not participate in page cache accounting. */
if (!PageHuge(old))
__dec_lruvec_page_state(old, NR_FILE_PAGES);
if (!PageHuge(new))
__inc_lruvec_page_state(new, NR_FILE_PAGES);
if (PageSwapBacked(old))
__dec_lruvec_page_state(old, NR_SHMEM);
if (PageSwapBacked(new))
__inc_lruvec_page_state(new, NR_SHMEM);
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
if (free_folio)
free_folio(fold);
folio_put(fold);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(replace_page_cache_page);
noinline int __filemap_add_folio(struct address_space *mapping,
struct folio *folio, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp, void **shadowp)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index);
int huge = folio_test_hugetlb(folio);
bool charged = false;
long nr = 1;
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(!folio_test_locked(folio), folio);
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(folio_test_swapbacked(folio), folio);
mapping_set_update(&xas, mapping);
if (!huge) {
int error = mem_cgroup_charge(folio, NULL, gfp);
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(index & (folio_nr_pages(folio) - 1), folio);
if (error)
return error;
charged = true;
xas_set_order(&xas, index, folio_order(folio));
nr = folio_nr_pages(folio);
}
gfp &= GFP_RECLAIM_MASK;
folio_ref_add(folio, nr);
folio->mapping = mapping;
folio->index = xas.xa_index;
do {
unsigned int order = xa_get_order(xas.xa, xas.xa_index);
void *entry, *old = NULL;
if (order > folio_order(folio))
xas_split_alloc(&xas, xa_load(xas.xa, xas.xa_index),
order, gfp);
xas_lock_irq(&xas);
xas_for_each_conflict(&xas, entry) {
old = entry;
if (!xa_is_value(entry)) {
xas_set_err(&xas, -EEXIST);
goto unlock;
}
}
if (old) {
if (shadowp)
*shadowp = old;
/* entry may have been split before we acquired lock */
order = xa_get_order(xas.xa, xas.xa_index);
if (order > folio_order(folio)) {
/* How to handle large swap entries? */
BUG_ON(shmem_mapping(mapping));
xas_split(&xas, old, order);
xas_reset(&xas);
}
}
xas_store(&xas, folio);
if (xas_error(&xas))
goto unlock;
mapping->nrpages += nr;
/* hugetlb pages do not participate in page cache accounting */
if (!huge) {
__lruvec_stat_mod_folio(folio, NR_FILE_PAGES, nr);
if (folio_test_pmd_mappable(folio))
__lruvec_stat_mod_folio(folio,
NR_FILE_THPS, nr);
}
unlock:
xas_unlock_irq(&xas);
} while (xas_nomem(&xas, gfp));
if (xas_error(&xas))
goto error;
trace_mm_filemap_add_to_page_cache(folio);
return 0;
error:
if (charged)
mem_cgroup_uncharge(folio);
folio->mapping = NULL;
/* Leave page->index set: truncation relies upon it */
folio_put_refs(folio, nr);
return xas_error(&xas);
}
ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(__filemap_add_folio, ERRNO);
/**
* add_to_page_cache_locked - add a locked page to the pagecache
* @page: page to add
* @mapping: the page's address_space
* @offset: page index
* @gfp_mask: page allocation mode
*
* This function is used to add a page to the pagecache. It must be locked.
* This function does not add the page to the LRU. The caller must do that.
*
* Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise.
*/
int add_to_page_cache_locked(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t offset, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
return __filemap_add_folio(mapping, page_folio(page), offset,
gfp_mask, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(add_to_page_cache_locked);
int filemap_add_folio(struct address_space *mapping, struct folio *folio,
pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp)
{
void *shadow = NULL;
int ret;
__folio_set_locked(folio);
ret = __filemap_add_folio(mapping, folio, index, gfp, &shadow);
if (unlikely(ret))
__folio_clear_locked(folio);
else {
/*
* The folio might have been evicted from cache only
* recently, in which case it should be activated like
* any other repeatedly accessed folio.
* The exception is folios getting rewritten; evicting other
* data from the working set, only to cache data that will
* get overwritten with something else, is a waste of memory.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(folio_test_active(folio));
if (!(gfp & __GFP_WRITE) && shadow)
workingset_refault(folio, shadow);
folio_add_lru(folio);
}
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(filemap_add_folio);
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
struct folio *filemap_alloc_folio(gfp_t gfp, unsigned int order)
{
int n;
struct folio *folio;
if (cpuset_do_page_mem_spread()) {
unsigned int cpuset_mems_cookie;
do {
cpuset_mems_cookie = read_mems_allowed_begin();
n = cpuset_mem_spread_node();
folio = __folio_alloc_node(gfp, order, n);
} while (!folio && read_mems_allowed_retry(cpuset_mems_cookie));
return folio;
}
return folio_alloc(gfp, order);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_alloc_folio);
#endif
/*
* filemap_invalidate_lock_two - lock invalidate_lock for two mappings
*
* Lock exclusively invalidate_lock of any passed mapping that is not NULL.
*
* @mapping1: the first mapping to lock
* @mapping2: the second mapping to lock
*/
void filemap_invalidate_lock_two(struct address_space *mapping1,
struct address_space *mapping2)
{
if (mapping1 > mapping2)
swap(mapping1, mapping2);
if (mapping1)
down_write(&mapping1->invalidate_lock);
if (mapping2 && mapping1 != mapping2)
down_write_nested(&mapping2->invalidate_lock, 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_invalidate_lock_two);
/*
* filemap_invalidate_unlock_two - unlock invalidate_lock for two mappings
*
* Unlock exclusive invalidate_lock of any passed mapping that is not NULL.
*
* @mapping1: the first mapping to unlock
* @mapping2: the second mapping to unlock
*/
void filemap_invalidate_unlock_two(struct address_space *mapping1,
struct address_space *mapping2)
{
if (mapping1)
up_write(&mapping1->invalidate_lock);
if (mapping2 && mapping1 != mapping2)
up_write(&mapping2->invalidate_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_invalidate_unlock_two);
/*
* In order to wait for pages to become available there must be
* waitqueues associated with pages. By using a hash table of
* waitqueues where the bucket discipline is to maintain all
* waiters on the same queue and wake all when any of the pages
* become available, and for the woken contexts to check to be
* sure the appropriate page became available, this saves space
* at a cost of "thundering herd" phenomena during rare hash
* collisions.
*/
#define PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_BITS 8
#define PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_SIZE (1 << PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_BITS)
static wait_queue_head_t folio_wait_table[PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_SIZE] __cacheline_aligned;
static wait_queue_head_t *folio_waitqueue(struct folio *folio)
{
return &folio_wait_table[hash_ptr(folio, PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_BITS)];
}
void __init pagecache_init(void)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < PAGE_WAIT_TABLE_SIZE; i++)
init_waitqueue_head(&folio_wait_table[i]);
page_writeback_init();
}
/*
* The page wait code treats the "wait->flags" somewhat unusually, because
* we have multiple different kinds of waits, not just the usual "exclusive"
* one.
*
* We have:
*
* (a) no special bits set:
*
* We're just waiting for the bit to be released, and when a waker
* calls the wakeup function, we set WQ_FLAG_WOKEN and wake it up,
* and remove it from the wait queue.
*
* Simple and straightforward.
*
* (b) WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE:
*
* The waiter is waiting to get the lock, and only one waiter should
* be woken up to avoid any thundering herd behavior. We'll set the
* WQ_FLAG_WOKEN bit, wake it up, and remove it from the wait queue.
*
* This is the traditional exclusive wait.
*
* (c) WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE | WQ_FLAG_CUSTOM:
*
* The waiter is waiting to get the bit, and additionally wants the
* lock to be transferred to it for fair lock behavior. If the lock
* cannot be taken, we stop walking the wait queue without waking
* the waiter.
*
* This is the "fair lock handoff" case, and in addition to setting
* WQ_FLAG_WOKEN, we set WQ_FLAG_DONE to let the waiter easily see
* that it now has the lock.
*/
static int wake_page_function(wait_queue_entry_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync, void *arg)
{
unsigned int flags;
struct wait_page_key *key = arg;
struct wait_page_queue *wait_page
= container_of(wait, struct wait_page_queue, wait);
if (!wake_page_match(wait_page, key))
return 0;
/*
* If it's a lock handoff wait, we get the bit for it, and
* stop walking (and do not wake it up) if we can't.
*/
flags = wait->flags;
if (flags & WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE) {
if (test_bit(key->bit_nr, &key->folio->flags))
return -1;
if (flags & WQ_FLAG_CUSTOM) {
if (test_and_set_bit(key->bit_nr, &key->folio->flags))
return -1;
flags |= WQ_FLAG_DONE;
}
}
/*
* We are holding the wait-queue lock, but the waiter that
* is waiting for this will be checking the flags without
* any locking.
*
* So update the flags atomically, and wake up the waiter
* afterwards to avoid any races. This store-release pairs
* with the load-acquire in folio_wait_bit_common().
*/
smp_store_release(&wait->flags, flags | WQ_FLAG_WOKEN);
wake_up_state(wait->private, mode);
/*
* Ok, we have successfully done what we're waiting for,
* and we can unconditionally remove the wait entry.
*
* Note that this pairs with the "finish_wait()" in the
* waiter, and has to be the absolute last thing we do.
* After this list_del_init(&wait->entry) the wait entry
* might be de-allocated and the process might even have
* exited.
*/
list_del_init_careful(&wait->entry);
return (flags & WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE) != 0;
}
static void folio_wake_bit(struct folio *folio, int bit_nr)
{
wait_queue_head_t *q = folio_waitqueue(folio);
struct wait_page_key key;
unsigned long flags;
wait_queue_entry_t bookmark;
key.folio = folio;
key.bit_nr = bit_nr;
key.page_match = 0;
bookmark.flags = 0;
bookmark.private = NULL;
bookmark.func = NULL;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bookmark.entry);
spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags);
__wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(q, TASK_NORMAL, &key, &bookmark);
while (bookmark.flags & WQ_FLAG_BOOKMARK) {
/*
* Take a breather from holding the lock,
* allow pages that finish wake up asynchronously
* to acquire the lock and remove themselves
* from wait queue
*/
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags);
cpu_relax();
spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags);
__wake_up_locked_key_bookmark(q, TASK_NORMAL, &key, &bookmark);
}
/*
* It's possible to miss clearing waiters here, when we woke our page
* waiters, but the hashed waitqueue has waiters for other pages on it.
* That's okay, it's a rare case. The next waker will clear it.
*
* Note that, depending on the page pool (buddy, hugetlb, ZONE_DEVICE,
* other), the flag may be cleared in the course of freeing the page;
* but that is not required for correctness.
*/
if (!waitqueue_active(q) || !key.page_match)
folio_clear_waiters(folio);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags);
}
static void folio_wake(struct folio *folio, int bit)
{
if (!folio_test_waiters(folio))
return;
folio_wake_bit(folio, bit);
}
/*
* A choice of three behaviors for folio_wait_bit_common():
*/
enum behavior {
EXCLUSIVE, /* Hold ref to page and take the bit when woken, like
* __folio_lock() waiting on then setting PG_locked.
*/
SHARED, /* Hold ref to page and check the bit when woken, like
* folio_wait_writeback() waiting on PG_writeback.
*/
DROP, /* Drop ref to page before wait, no check when woken,
* like folio_put_wait_locked() on PG_locked.
*/
};
/*
* Attempt to check (or get) the folio flag, and mark us done
* if successful.
*/
static inline bool folio_trylock_flag(struct folio *folio, int bit_nr,
struct wait_queue_entry *wait)
{
if (wait->flags & WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE) {
if (test_and_set_bit(bit_nr, &folio->flags))
return false;
} else if (test_bit(bit_nr, &folio->flags))
return false;
wait->flags |= WQ_FLAG_WOKEN | WQ_FLAG_DONE;
return true;
}
/* How many times do we accept lock stealing from under a waiter? */
int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness = 5;
static inline int folio_wait_bit_common(struct folio *folio, int bit_nr,
int state, enum behavior behavior)
{
wait_queue_head_t *q = folio_waitqueue(folio);
int unfairness = sysctl_page_lock_unfairness;
struct wait_page_queue wait_page;
wait_queue_entry_t *wait = &wait_page.wait;
bool thrashing = false;
bool delayacct = false;
unsigned long pflags;
if (bit_nr == PG_locked &&
!folio_test_uptodate(folio) && folio_test_workingset(folio)) {
if (!folio_test_swapbacked(folio)) {
delayacct_thrashing_start();
delayacct = true;
}
psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
thrashing = true;
}
init_wait(wait);
wait->func = wake_page_function;
wait_page.folio = folio;
wait_page.bit_nr = bit_nr;
repeat:
wait->flags = 0;
if (behavior == EXCLUSIVE) {
wait->flags = WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE;
if (--unfairness < 0)
wait->flags |= WQ_FLAG_CUSTOM;
}
/*
* Do one last check whether we can get the
* page bit synchronously.
*
* Do the folio_set_waiters() marking before that
* to let any waker we _just_ missed know they
* need to wake us up (otherwise they'll never
* even go to the slow case that looks at the
* page queue), and add ourselves to the wait
* queue if we need to sleep.
*
* This part needs to be done under the queue
* lock to avoid races.
*/
spin_lock_irq(&q->lock);
folio_set_waiters(folio);
if (!folio_trylock_flag(folio, bit_nr, wait))
__add_wait_queue_entry_tail(q, wait);
spin_unlock_irq(&q->lock);
/*
* From now on, all the logic will be based on
* the WQ_FLAG_WOKEN and WQ_FLAG_DONE flag, to
* see whether the page bit testing has already
* been done by the wake function.
*
* We can drop our reference to the folio.
*/
if (behavior == DROP)
folio_put(folio);
/*
* Note that until the "finish_wait()", or until
* we see the WQ_FLAG_WOKEN flag, we need to
* be very careful with the 'wait->flags', because
* we may race with a waker that sets them.
*/
for (;;) {
unsigned int flags;
set_current_state(state);
/* Loop until we've been woken or interrupted */
flags = smp_load_acquire(&wait->flags);
if (!(flags & WQ_FLAG_WOKEN)) {
if (signal_pending_state(state, current))
break;
io_schedule();
continue;
}
/* If we were non-exclusive, we're done */
if (behavior != EXCLUSIVE)
break;
/* If the waker got the lock for us, we're done */
if (flags & WQ_FLAG_DONE)
break;
/*
* Otherwise, if we're getting the lock, we need to
* try to get it ourselves.
*
* And if that fails, we'll have to retry this all.
*/
if (unlikely(test_and_set_bit(bit_nr, folio_flags(folio, 0))))
goto repeat;
wait->flags |= WQ_FLAG_DONE;
break;
}
/*
* If a signal happened, this 'finish_wait()' may remove the last
* waiter from the wait-queues, but the folio waiters bit will remain
* set. That's ok. The next wakeup will take care of it, and trying
* to do it here would be difficult and prone to races.
*/
finish_wait(q, wait);
if (thrashing) {
if (delayacct)
delayacct_thrashing_end();
psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
}
/*
* NOTE! The wait->flags weren't stable until we've done the
* 'finish_wait()', and we could have exited the loop above due
* to a signal, and had a wakeup event happen after the signal
* test but before the 'finish_wait()'.
*
* So only after the finish_wait() can we reliably determine
* if we got woken up or not, so we can now figure out the final
* return value based on that state without races.
*
* Also note that WQ_FLAG_WOKEN is sufficient for a non-exclusive
* waiter, but an exclusive one requires WQ_FLAG_DONE.
*/
if (behavior == EXCLUSIVE)
return wait->flags & WQ_FLAG_DONE ? 0 : -EINTR;
return wait->flags & WQ_FLAG_WOKEN ? 0 : -EINTR;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION
/**
* migration_entry_wait_on_locked - Wait for a migration entry to be removed
* @entry: migration swap entry.
* @ptep: mapped pte pointer. Will return with the ptep unmapped. Only required
* for pte entries, pass NULL for pmd entries.
* @ptl: already locked ptl. This function will drop the lock.
*
* Wait for a migration entry referencing the given page to be removed. This is
* equivalent to put_and_wait_on_page_locked(page, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) except
* this can be called without taking a reference on the page. Instead this
* should be called while holding the ptl for the migration entry referencing
* the page.
*
* Returns after unmapping and unlocking the pte/ptl with pte_unmap_unlock().
*
* This follows the same logic as folio_wait_bit_common() so see the comments
* there.
*/
void migration_entry_wait_on_locked(swp_entry_t entry, pte_t *ptep,
spinlock_t *ptl)
{
struct wait_page_queue wait_page;
wait_queue_entry_t *wait = &wait_page.wait;
bool thrashing = false;
bool delayacct = false;
unsigned long pflags;
wait_queue_head_t *q;
struct folio *folio = page_folio(pfn_swap_entry_to_page(entry));
q = folio_waitqueue(folio);
if (!folio_test_uptodate(folio) && folio_test_workingset(folio)) {
if (!folio_test_swapbacked(folio)) {
delayacct_thrashing_start();
delayacct = true;
}
psi_memstall_enter(&pflags);
thrashing = true;
}
init_wait(wait);
wait->func = wake_page_function;
wait_page.folio = folio;
wait_page.bit_nr = PG_locked;
wait->flags = 0;
spin_lock_irq(&q->lock);
folio_set_waiters(folio);
if (!folio_trylock_flag(folio, PG_locked, wait))
__add_wait_queue_entry_tail(q, wait);
spin_unlock_irq(&q->lock);
/*
* If a migration entry exists for the page the migration path must hold
* a valid reference to the page, and it must take the ptl to remove the
* migration entry. So the page is valid until the ptl is dropped.
*/
if (ptep)
pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
else
spin_unlock(ptl);
for (;;) {
unsigned int flags;
set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
/* Loop until we've been woken or interrupted */
flags = smp_load_acquire(&wait->flags);
if (!(flags & WQ_FLAG_WOKEN)) {
if (signal_pending_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, current))
break;
io_schedule();
continue;
}
break;
}
finish_wait(q, wait);
if (thrashing) {
if (delayacct)
delayacct_thrashing_end();
psi_memstall_leave(&pflags);
}
}
#endif
void folio_wait_bit(struct folio *folio, int bit_nr)
{
folio_wait_bit_common(folio, bit_nr, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, SHARED);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(folio_wait_bit);
int folio_wait_bit_killable(struct folio *folio, int bit_nr)
{
return folio_wait_bit_common(folio, bit_nr, TASK_KILLABLE, SHARED);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(folio_wait_bit_killable);
/**
* folio_put_wait_locked - Drop a reference and wait for it to be unlocked
* @folio: The folio to wait for.
* @state: The sleep state (TASK_KILLABLE, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, etc).
*
* The caller should hold a reference on @folio. They expect the page to
* become unlocked relatively soon, but do not wish to hold up migration
* (for example) by holding the reference while waiting for the folio to
* come unlocked. After this function returns, the caller should not
* dereference @folio.
*
* Return: 0 if the folio was unlocked or -EINTR if interrupted by a signal.
*/
int folio_put_wait_locked(struct folio *folio, int state)
{
return folio_wait_bit_common(folio, PG_locked, state, DROP);
}
/**
* folio_add_wait_queue - Add an arbitrary waiter to a folio's wait queue
* @folio: Folio defining the wait queue of interest
* @waiter: Waiter to add to the queue
*
* Add an arbitrary @waiter to the wait queue for the nominated @folio.
*/
void folio_add_wait_queue(struct folio *folio, wait_queue_entry_t *waiter)
{
wait_queue_head_t *q = folio_waitqueue(folio);
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&q->lock, flags);
__add_wait_queue_entry_tail(q, waiter);
folio_set_waiters(folio);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&q->lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(folio_add_wait_queue);
#ifndef clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte
/*
* PG_waiters is the high bit in the same byte as PG_lock.
*
* On x86 (and on many other architectures), we can clear PG_lock and
* test the sign bit at the same time. But if the architecture does
* not support that special operation, we just do this all by hand
* instead.
*
* The read of PG_waiters has to be after (or concurrently with) PG_locked
* being cleared, but a memory barrier should be unnecessary since it is
* in the same byte as PG_locked.
*/
static inline bool clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte(long nr, volatile void *mem)
{
clear_bit_unlock(nr, mem);
/* smp_mb__after_atomic(); */
return test_bit(PG_waiters, mem);
}
#endif
/**
* folio_unlock - Unlock a locked folio.
* @folio: The folio.
*
* Unlocks the folio and wakes up any thread sleeping on the page lock.
*
* Context: May be called from interrupt or process context. May not be
* called from NMI context.
*/
void folio_unlock(struct folio *folio)
{
/* Bit 7 allows x86 to check the byte's sign bit */
BUILD_BUG_ON(PG_waiters != 7);
BUILD_BUG_ON(PG_locked > 7);
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(!folio_test_locked(folio), folio);
if (clear_bit_unlock_is_negative_byte(PG_locked, folio_flags(folio, 0)))
folio_wake_bit(folio, PG_locked);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(folio_unlock);
/**
* folio_end_private_2 - Clear PG_private_2 and wake any waiters.
* @folio: The folio.
*
* Clear the PG_private_2 bit on a folio and wake up any sleepers waiting for
* it. The folio reference held for PG_private_2 being set is released.
*
* This is, for example, used when a netfs folio is being written to a local
* disk cache, thereby allowing writes to the cache for the same folio to be
* serialised.
*/
void folio_end_private_2(struct folio *folio)
{
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(!folio_test_private_2(folio), folio);
clear_bit_unlock(PG_private_2, folio_flags(folio, 0));
folio_wake_bit(folio, PG_private_2);
folio_put(folio);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(folio_end_private_2);
/**
* folio_wait_private_2 - Wait for PG_private_2 to be cleared on a folio.
* @folio: The folio to wait on.
*
* Wait for PG_private_2 (aka PG_fscache) to be cleared on a folio.
*/
void folio_wait_private_2(struct folio *folio)
{
while (folio_test_private_2(folio))
folio_wait_bit(folio, PG_private_2);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(folio_wait_private_2);
/**
* folio_wait_private_2_killable - Wait for PG_private_2 to be cleared on a folio.
* @folio: The folio to wait on.
*
* Wait for PG_private_2 (aka PG_fscache) to be cleared on a folio or until a
* fatal signal is received by the calling task.
*
* Return:
* - 0 if successful.
* - -EINTR if a fatal signal was encountered.
*/
int folio_wait_private_2_killable(struct folio *folio)
{
int ret = 0;
while (folio_test_private_2(folio)) {
ret = folio_wait_bit_killable(folio, PG_private_2);
if (ret < 0)
break;
}
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(folio_wait_private_2_killable);
/**
* folio_end_writeback - End writeback against a folio.
* @folio: The folio.
*/
void folio_end_writeback(struct folio *folio)
{
/*
* folio_test_clear_reclaim() could be used here but it is an
* atomic operation and overkill in this particular case. Failing
* to shuffle a folio marked for immediate reclaim is too mild
* a gain to justify taking an atomic operation penalty at the
* end of every folio writeback.
*/
if (folio_test_reclaim(folio)) {
folio_clear_reclaim(folio);
folio_rotate_reclaimable(folio);
}
/*
* Writeback does not hold a folio reference of its own, relying
* on truncation to wait for the clearing of PG_writeback.
* But here we must make sure that the folio is not freed and
* reused before the folio_wake().
*/
folio_get(folio);
if (!__folio_end_writeback(folio))
BUG();
smp_mb__after_atomic();
folio_wake(folio, PG_writeback);
acct_reclaim_writeback(folio);
folio_put(folio);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(folio_end_writeback);
/*
* After completing I/O on a page, call this routine to update the page
* flags appropriately
*/
void page_endio(struct page *page, bool is_write, int err)
{
if (!is_write) {
if (!err) {
SetPageUptodate(page);
} else {
ClearPageUptodate(page);
SetPageError(page);
}
unlock_page(page);
} else {
if (err) {
struct address_space *mapping;
SetPageError(page);
mapping = page_mapping(page);
if (mapping)
mapping_set_error(mapping, err);
}
end_page_writeback(page);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_endio);
/**
* __folio_lock - Get a lock on the folio, assuming we need to sleep to get it.
* @folio: The folio to lock
*/
void __folio_lock(struct folio *folio)
{
folio_wait_bit_common(folio, PG_locked, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE,
EXCLUSIVE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__folio_lock);
int __folio_lock_killable(struct folio *folio)
{
return folio_wait_bit_common(folio, PG_locked, TASK_KILLABLE,
EXCLUSIVE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__folio_lock_killable);
static int __folio_lock_async(struct folio *folio, struct wait_page_queue *wait)
{
struct wait_queue_head *q = folio_waitqueue(folio);
int ret = 0;
wait->folio = folio;
wait->bit_nr = PG_locked;
spin_lock_irq(&q->lock);
__add_wait_queue_entry_tail(q, &wait->wait);
folio_set_waiters(folio);
ret = !folio_trylock(folio);
/*
* If we were successful now, we know we're still on the
* waitqueue as we're still under the lock. This means it's
* safe to remove and return success, we know the callback
* isn't going to trigger.
*/
if (!ret)
__remove_wait_queue(q, &wait->wait);
else
ret = -EIOCBQUEUED;
spin_unlock_irq(&q->lock);
return ret;
}
/*
* Return values:
* true - folio is locked; mmap_lock is still held.
* false - folio is not locked.
* mmap_lock has been released (mmap_read_unlock(), unless flags had both
* FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT set, in
* which case mmap_lock is still held.
*
* If neither ALLOW_RETRY nor KILLABLE are set, will always return true
* with the folio locked and the mmap_lock unperturbed.
*/
bool __folio_lock_or_retry(struct folio *folio, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned int flags)
{
if (fault_flag_allow_retry_first(flags)) {
/*
* CAUTION! In this case, mmap_lock is not released
* even though return 0.
*/
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)
return false;
mmap_read_unlock(mm);
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE)
folio_wait_locked_killable(folio);
else
folio_wait_locked(folio);
return false;
}
if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE) {
bool ret;
ret = __folio_lock_killable(folio);
if (ret) {
mmap_read_unlock(mm);
return false;
}
} else {
__folio_lock(folio);
}
return true;
}
/**
* page_cache_next_miss() - Find the next gap in the page cache.
* @mapping: Mapping.
* @index: Index.
* @max_scan: Maximum range to search.
*
* Search the range [index, min(index + max_scan - 1, ULONG_MAX)] for the
* gap with the lowest index.
*
* This function may be called under the rcu_read_lock. However, this will
* not atomically search a snapshot of the cache at a single point in time.
* For example, if a gap is created at index 5, then subsequently a gap is
* created at index 10, page_cache_next_miss covering both indices may
* return 10 if called under the rcu_read_lock.
*
* Return: The index of the gap if found, otherwise an index outside the
* range specified (in which case 'return - index >= max_scan' will be true).
* In the rare case of index wrap-around, 0 will be returned.
*/
pgoff_t page_cache_next_miss(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index);
while (max_scan--) {
void *entry = xas_next(&xas);
if (!entry || xa_is_value(entry))
break;
if (xas.xa_index == 0)
break;
}
return xas.xa_index;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_cache_next_miss);
/**
* page_cache_prev_miss() - Find the previous gap in the page cache.
* @mapping: Mapping.
* @index: Index.
* @max_scan: Maximum range to search.
*
* Search the range [max(index - max_scan + 1, 0), index] for the
* gap with the highest index.
*
* This function may be called under the rcu_read_lock. However, this will
* not atomically search a snapshot of the cache at a single point in time.
* For example, if a gap is created at index 10, then subsequently a gap is
* created at index 5, page_cache_prev_miss() covering both indices may
* return 5 if called under the rcu_read_lock.
*
* Return: The index of the gap if found, otherwise an index outside the
* range specified (in which case 'index - return >= max_scan' will be true).
* In the rare case of wrap-around, ULONG_MAX will be returned.
*/
pgoff_t page_cache_prev_miss(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, unsigned long max_scan)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index);
while (max_scan--) {
void *entry = xas_prev(&xas);
if (!entry || xa_is_value(entry))
break;
if (xas.xa_index == ULONG_MAX)
break;
}
return xas.xa_index;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_cache_prev_miss);
/*
* Lockless page cache protocol:
* On the lookup side:
* 1. Load the folio from i_pages
* 2. Increment the refcount if it's not zero
* 3. If the folio is not found by xas_reload(), put the refcount and retry
*
* On the removal side:
* A. Freeze the page (by zeroing the refcount if nobody else has a reference)
* B. Remove the page from i_pages
* C. Return the page to the page allocator
*
* This means that any page may have its reference count temporarily
* increased by a speculative page cache (or fast GUP) lookup as it can
* be allocated by another user before the RCU grace period expires.
* Because the refcount temporarily acquired here may end up being the
* last refcount on the page, any page allocation must be freeable by
* folio_put().
*/
/*
* mapping_get_entry - Get a page cache entry.
* @mapping: the address_space to search
* @index: The page cache index.
*
* Looks up the page cache entry at @mapping & @index. If it is a folio,
* it is returned with an increased refcount. If it is a shadow entry
* of a previously evicted folio, or a swap entry from shmem/tmpfs,
* it is returned without further action.
*
* Return: The folio, swap or shadow entry, %NULL if nothing is found.
*/
static void *mapping_get_entry(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index);
struct folio *folio;
rcu_read_lock();
repeat:
xas_reset(&xas);
folio = xas_load(&xas);
if (xas_retry(&xas, folio))
goto repeat;
/*
* A shadow entry of a recently evicted page, or a swap entry from
* shmem/tmpfs. Return it without attempting to raise page count.
*/
if (!folio || xa_is_value(folio))
goto out;
if (!folio_try_get_rcu(folio))
goto repeat;
if (unlikely(folio != xas_reload(&xas))) {
folio_put(folio);
goto repeat;
}
out:
rcu_read_unlock();
return folio;
}
/**
* __filemap_get_folio - Find and get a reference to a folio.
* @mapping: The address_space to search.
* @index: The page index.
* @fgp_flags: %FGP flags modify how the folio is returned.
* @gfp: Memory allocation flags to use if %FGP_CREAT is specified.
*
* Looks up the page cache entry at @mapping & @index.
*
* @fgp_flags can be zero or more of these flags:
*
* * %FGP_ACCESSED - The folio will be marked accessed.
* * %FGP_LOCK - The folio is returned locked.
* * %FGP_ENTRY - If there is a shadow / swap / DAX entry, return it
* instead of allocating a new folio to replace it.
* * %FGP_CREAT - If no page is present then a new page is allocated using
* @gfp and added to the page cache and the VM's LRU list.
* The page is returned locked and with an increased refcount.
* * %FGP_FOR_MMAP - The caller wants to do its own locking dance if the
* page is already in cache. If the page was allocated, unlock it before
* returning so the caller can do the same dance.
* * %FGP_WRITE - The page will be written to by the caller.
* * %FGP_NOFS - __GFP_FS will get cleared in gfp.
* * %FGP_NOWAIT - Don't get blocked by page lock.
* * %FGP_STABLE - Wait for the folio to be stable (finished writeback)
*
* If %FGP_LOCK or %FGP_CREAT are specified then the function may sleep even
* if the %GFP flags specified for %FGP_CREAT are atomic.
*
* If there is a page cache page, it is returned with an increased refcount.
*
* Return: The found folio or %NULL otherwise.
*/
struct folio *__filemap_get_folio(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index,
int fgp_flags, gfp_t gfp)
{
struct folio *folio;
repeat:
folio = mapping_get_entry(mapping, index);
if (xa_is_value(folio)) {
if (fgp_flags & FGP_ENTRY)
return folio;
folio = NULL;
}
if (!folio)
goto no_page;
if (fgp_flags & FGP_LOCK) {
if (fgp_flags & FGP_NOWAIT) {
if (!folio_trylock(folio)) {
folio_put(folio);
return NULL;
}
} else {
folio_lock(folio);
}
/* Has the page been truncated? */
if (unlikely(folio->mapping != mapping)) {
folio_unlock(folio);
folio_put(folio);
goto repeat;
}
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(!folio_contains(folio, index), folio);
}
if (fgp_flags & FGP_ACCESSED)
folio_mark_accessed(folio);
else if (fgp_flags & FGP_WRITE) {
/* Clear idle flag for buffer write */
if (folio_test_idle(folio))
folio_clear_idle(folio);
}
if (fgp_flags & FGP_STABLE)
folio_wait_stable(folio);
no_page:
if (!folio && (fgp_flags & FGP_CREAT)) {
int err;
if ((fgp_flags & FGP_WRITE) && mapping_can_writeback(mapping))
gfp |= __GFP_WRITE;
if (fgp_flags & FGP_NOFS)
gfp &= ~__GFP_FS;
folio = filemap_alloc_folio(gfp, 0);
if (!folio)
return NULL;
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(fgp_flags & (FGP_LOCK | FGP_FOR_MMAP))))
fgp_flags |= FGP_LOCK;
/* Init accessed so avoid atomic mark_page_accessed later */
if (fgp_flags & FGP_ACCESSED)
__folio_set_referenced(folio);
err = filemap_add_folio(mapping, folio, index, gfp);
if (unlikely(err)) {
folio_put(folio);
folio = NULL;
if (err == -EEXIST)
goto repeat;
}
/*
* filemap_add_folio locks the page, and for mmap
* we expect an unlocked page.
*/
if (folio && (fgp_flags & FGP_FOR_MMAP))
folio_unlock(folio);
}
return folio;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__filemap_get_folio);
static inline struct folio *find_get_entry(struct xa_state *xas, pgoff_t max,
xa_mark_t mark)
{
struct folio *folio;
retry:
if (mark == XA_PRESENT)
folio = xas_find(xas, max);
else
folio = xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark);
if (xas_retry(xas, folio))
goto retry;
/*
* A shadow entry of a recently evicted page, a swap
* entry from shmem/tmpfs or a DAX entry. Return it
* without attempting to raise page count.
*/
if (!folio || xa_is_value(folio))
return folio;
if (!folio_try_get_rcu(folio))
goto reset;
if (unlikely(folio != xas_reload(xas))) {
folio_put(folio);
goto reset;
}
return folio;
reset:
xas_reset(xas);
goto retry;
}
/**
* find_get_entries - gang pagecache lookup
* @mapping: The address_space to search
* @start: The starting page cache index
* @end: The final page index (inclusive).
* @fbatch: Where the resulting entries are placed.
* @indices: The cache indices corresponding to the entries in @entries
*
* find_get_entries() will search for and return a batch of entries in
* the mapping. The entries are placed in @fbatch. find_get_entries()
* takes a reference on any actual folios it returns.
*
* The entries have ascending indexes. The indices may not be consecutive
* due to not-present entries or large folios.
*
* Any shadow entries of evicted folios, or swap entries from
* shmem/tmpfs, are included in the returned array.
*
* Return: The number of entries which were found.
*/
unsigned find_get_entries(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start,
pgoff_t end, struct folio_batch *fbatch, pgoff_t *indices)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start);
struct folio *folio;
rcu_read_lock();
while ((folio = find_get_entry(&xas, end, XA_PRESENT)) != NULL) {
indices[fbatch->nr] = xas.xa_index;
if (!folio_batch_add(fbatch, folio))
break;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return folio_batch_count(fbatch);
}
/**
* find_lock_entries - Find a batch of pagecache entries.
* @mapping: The address_space to search.
* @start: The starting page cache index.
* @end: The final page index (inclusive).
* @fbatch: Where the resulting entries are placed.
* @indices: The cache indices of the entries in @fbatch.
*
* find_lock_entries() will return a batch of entries from @mapping.
* Swap, shadow and DAX entries are included. Folios are returned
* locked and with an incremented refcount. Folios which are locked
* by somebody else or under writeback are skipped. Folios which are
* partially outside the range are not returned.
*
* The entries have ascending indexes. The indices may not be consecutive
* due to not-present entries, large folios, folios which could not be
* locked or folios under writeback.
*
* Return: The number of entries which were found.
*/
unsigned find_lock_entries(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start,
pgoff_t end, struct folio_batch *fbatch, pgoff_t *indices)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start);
struct folio *folio;
rcu_read_lock();
while ((folio = find_get_entry(&xas, end, XA_PRESENT))) {
if (!xa_is_value(folio)) {
if (folio->index < start)
goto put;
if (folio->index + folio_nr_pages(folio) - 1 > end)
goto put;
if (!folio_trylock(folio))
goto put;
if (folio->mapping != mapping ||
folio_test_writeback(folio))
goto unlock;
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(!folio_contains(folio, xas.xa_index),
folio);
}
indices[fbatch->nr] = xas.xa_index;
if (!folio_batch_add(fbatch, folio))
break;
continue;
unlock:
folio_unlock(folio);
put:
folio_put(folio);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return folio_batch_count(fbatch);
}
static inline
bool folio_more_pages(struct folio *folio, pgoff_t index, pgoff_t max)
{
if (!folio_test_large(folio) || folio_test_hugetlb(folio))
return false;
if (index >= max)
return false;
return index < folio->index + folio_nr_pages(folio) - 1;
}
/**
* find_get_pages_range - gang pagecache lookup
* @mapping: The address_space to search
* @start: The starting page index
* @end: The final page index (inclusive)
* @nr_pages: The maximum number of pages
* @pages: Where the resulting pages are placed
*
* find_get_pages_range() will search for and return a group of up to @nr_pages
* pages in the mapping starting at index @start and up to index @end
* (inclusive). The pages are placed at @pages. find_get_pages_range() takes
* a reference against the returned pages.
*
* The search returns a group of mapping-contiguous pages with ascending
* indexes. There may be holes in the indices due to not-present pages.
* We also update @start to index the next page for the traversal.
*
* Return: the number of pages which were found. If this number is
* smaller than @nr_pages, the end of specified range has been
* reached.
*/
unsigned find_get_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start,
pgoff_t end, unsigned int nr_pages,
struct page **pages)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, *start);
struct folio *folio;
unsigned ret = 0;
if (unlikely(!nr_pages))
return 0;
rcu_read_lock();
while ((folio = find_get_entry(&xas, end, XA_PRESENT))) {
/* Skip over shadow, swap and DAX entries */
if (xa_is_value(folio))
continue;
again:
pages[ret] = folio_file_page(folio, xas.xa_index);
if (++ret == nr_pages) {
*start = xas.xa_index + 1;
goto out;
}
if (folio_more_pages(folio, xas.xa_index, end)) {
xas.xa_index++;
folio_ref_inc(folio);
goto again;
}
}
/*
* We come here when there is no page beyond @end. We take care to not
* overflow the index @start as it confuses some of the callers. This
* breaks the iteration when there is a page at index -1 but that is
* already broken anyway.
*/
if (end == (pgoff_t)-1)
*start = (pgoff_t)-1;
else
*start = end + 1;
out:
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
/**
* find_get_pages_contig - gang contiguous pagecache lookup
* @mapping: The address_space to search
* @index: The starting page index
* @nr_pages: The maximum number of pages
* @pages: Where the resulting pages are placed
*
* find_get_pages_contig() works exactly like find_get_pages_range(),
* except that the returned number of pages are guaranteed to be
* contiguous.
*
* Return: the number of pages which were found.
*/
unsigned find_get_pages_contig(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index,
unsigned int nr_pages, struct page **pages)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index);
struct folio *folio;
unsigned int ret = 0;
if (unlikely(!nr_pages))
return 0;
rcu_read_lock();
for (folio = xas_load(&xas); folio; folio = xas_next(&xas)) {
if (xas_retry(&xas, folio))
continue;
/*
* If the entry has been swapped out, we can stop looking.
* No current caller is looking for DAX entries.
*/
if (xa_is_value(folio))
break;
if (!folio_try_get_rcu(folio))
goto retry;
if (unlikely(folio != xas_reload(&xas)))
goto put_page;
again:
pages[ret] = folio_file_page(folio, xas.xa_index);
if (++ret == nr_pages)
break;
if (folio_more_pages(folio, xas.xa_index, ULONG_MAX)) {
xas.xa_index++;
folio_ref_inc(folio);
goto again;
}
continue;
put_page:
folio_put(folio);
retry:
xas_reset(&xas);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_get_pages_contig);
/**
* find_get_pages_range_tag - Find and return head pages matching @tag.
* @mapping: the address_space to search
* @index: the starting page index
* @end: The final page index (inclusive)
* @tag: the tag index
* @nr_pages: the maximum number of pages
* @pages: where the resulting pages are placed
*
* Like find_get_pages_range(), except we only return head pages which are
* tagged with @tag. @index is updated to the index immediately after the
* last page we return, ready for the next iteration.
*
* Return: the number of pages which were found.
*/
unsigned find_get_pages_range_tag(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index,
pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned int nr_pages,
struct page **pages)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, *index);
struct folio *folio;
unsigned ret = 0;
if (unlikely(!nr_pages))
return 0;
rcu_read_lock();
while ((folio = find_get_entry(&xas, end, tag))) {
/*
* Shadow entries should never be tagged, but this iteration
* is lockless so there is a window for page reclaim to evict
* a page we saw tagged. Skip over it.
*/
if (xa_is_value(folio))
continue;
pages[ret] = &folio->page;
if (++ret == nr_pages) {
*index = folio->index + folio_nr_pages(folio);
goto out;
}
}
/*
* We come here when we got to @end. We take care to not overflow the
* index @index as it confuses some of the callers. This breaks the
* iteration when there is a page at index -1 but that is already
* broken anyway.
*/
if (end == (pgoff_t)-1)
*index = (pgoff_t)-1;
else
*index = end + 1;
out:
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_get_pages_range_tag);
/*
* CD/DVDs are error prone. When a medium error occurs, the driver may fail
* a _large_ part of the i/o request. Imagine the worst scenario:
*
* ---R__________________________________________B__________
* ^ reading here ^ bad block(assume 4k)
*
* read(R) => miss => readahead(R...B) => media error => frustrating retries
* => failing the whole request => read(R) => read(R+1) =>
* readahead(R+1...B+1) => bang => read(R+2) => read(R+3) =>
* readahead(R+3...B+2) => bang => read(R+3) => read(R+4) =>
* readahead(R+4...B+3) => bang => read(R+4) => read(R+5) => ......
*
* It is going insane. Fix it by quickly scaling down the readahead size.
*/
static void shrink_readahead_size_eio(struct file_ra_state *ra)
{
ra->ra_pages /= 4;
}
/*
* filemap_get_read_batch - Get a batch of folios for read
*
* Get a batch of folios which represent a contiguous range of bytes in
* the file. No exceptional entries will be returned. If @index is in
* the middle of a folio, the entire folio will be returned. The last
* folio in the batch may have the readahead flag set or the uptodate flag
* clear so that the caller can take the appropriate action.
*/
static void filemap_get_read_batch(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t index, pgoff_t max, struct folio_batch *fbatch)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, index);
struct folio *folio;
rcu_read_lock();
for (folio = xas_load(&xas); folio; folio = xas_next(&xas)) {
if (xas_retry(&xas, folio))
continue;
if (xas.xa_index > max || xa_is_value(folio))
break;
if (xa_is_sibling(folio))
break;
if (!folio_try_get_rcu(folio))
goto retry;
if (unlikely(folio != xas_reload(&xas)))
goto put_folio;
if (!folio_batch_add(fbatch, folio))
break;
if (!folio_test_uptodate(folio))
break;
if (folio_test_readahead(folio))
break;
xas_advance(&xas, folio->index + folio_nr_pages(folio) - 1);
continue;
put_folio:
folio_put(folio);
retry:
xas_reset(&xas);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
}
static int filemap_read_folio(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
struct folio *folio)
{
int error;
/*
* A previous I/O error may have been due to temporary failures,
* eg. multipath errors. PG_error will be set again if read_folio
* fails.
*/
folio_clear_error(folio);
/* Start the actual read. The read will unlock the page. */
error = mapping->a_ops->read_folio(file, folio);
if (error)
return error;
error = folio_wait_locked_killable(folio);
if (error)
return error;
if (folio_test_uptodate(folio))
return 0;
shrink_readahead_size_eio(&file->f_ra);
return -EIO;
}
static bool filemap_range_uptodate(struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t pos, struct iov_iter *iter, struct folio *folio)
{
int count;
if (folio_test_uptodate(folio))
return true;
/* pipes can't handle partially uptodate pages */
if (iov_iter_is_pipe(iter))
return false;
if (!mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate)
return false;
if (mapping->host->i_blkbits >= folio_shift(folio))
return false;
count = iter->count;
if (folio_pos(folio) > pos) {
count -= folio_pos(folio) - pos;
pos = 0;
} else {
pos -= folio_pos(folio);
}
return mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate(folio, pos, count);
}
static int filemap_update_page(struct kiocb *iocb,
struct address_space *mapping, struct iov_iter *iter,
struct folio *folio)
{
int error;
if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) {
if (!filemap_invalidate_trylock_shared(mapping))
return -EAGAIN;
} else {
filemap_invalidate_lock_shared(mapping);
}
if (!folio_trylock(folio)) {
error = -EAGAIN;
if (iocb->ki_flags & (IOCB_NOWAIT | IOCB_NOIO))
goto unlock_mapping;
if (!(iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ)) {
filemap_invalidate_unlock_shared(mapping);
/*
* This is where we usually end up waiting for a
* previously submitted readahead to finish.
*/
folio_put_wait_locked(folio, TASK_KILLABLE);
return AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE;
}
error = __folio_lock_async(folio, iocb->ki_waitq);
if (error)
goto unlock_mapping;
}
error = AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE;
if (!folio->mapping)
goto unlock;
error = 0;
if (filemap_range_uptodate(mapping, iocb->ki_pos, iter, folio))
goto unlock;
error = -EAGAIN;
if (iocb->ki_flags & (IOCB_NOIO | IOCB_NOWAIT | IOCB_WAITQ))
goto unlock;
error = filemap_read_folio(iocb->ki_filp, mapping, folio);
goto unlock_mapping;
unlock:
folio_unlock(folio);
unlock_mapping:
filemap_invalidate_unlock_shared(mapping);
if (error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE)
folio_put(folio);
return error;
}
static int filemap_create_folio(struct file *file,
struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index,
struct folio_batch *fbatch)
{
struct folio *folio;
int error;
folio = filemap_alloc_folio(mapping_gfp_mask(mapping), 0);
if (!folio)
return -ENOMEM;
/*
* Protect against truncate / hole punch. Grabbing invalidate_lock
* here assures we cannot instantiate and bring uptodate new
* pagecache folios after evicting page cache during truncate
* and before actually freeing blocks. Note that we could
* release invalidate_lock after inserting the folio into
* the page cache as the locked folio would then be enough to
* synchronize with hole punching. But there are code paths
* such as filemap_update_page() filling in partially uptodate
* pages or ->readahead() that need to hold invalidate_lock
* while mapping blocks for IO so let's hold the lock here as
* well to keep locking rules simple.
*/
filemap_invalidate_lock_shared(mapping);
error = filemap_add_folio(mapping, folio, index,
mapping_gfp_constraint(mapping, GFP_KERNEL));
if (error == -EEXIST)
error = AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE;
if (error)
goto error;
error = filemap_read_folio(file, mapping, folio);
if (error)
goto error;
filemap_invalidate_unlock_shared(mapping);
folio_batch_add(fbatch, folio);
return 0;
error:
filemap_invalidate_unlock_shared(mapping);
folio_put(folio);
return error;
}
static int filemap_readahead(struct kiocb *iocb, struct file *file,
struct address_space *mapping, struct folio *folio,
pgoff_t last_index)
{
DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, &file->f_ra, mapping, folio->index);
if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOIO)
return -EAGAIN;
page_cache_async_ra(&ractl, folio, last_index - folio->index);
return 0;
}
static int filemap_get_pages(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
struct folio_batch *fbatch)
{
struct file *filp = iocb->ki_filp;
struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping;
struct file_ra_state *ra = &filp->f_ra;
pgoff_t index = iocb->ki_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT;
pgoff_t last_index;
struct folio *folio;
int err = 0;
last_index = DIV_ROUND_UP(iocb->ki_pos + iter->count, PAGE_SIZE);
retry:
if (fatal_signal_pending(current))
return -EINTR;
filemap_get_read_batch(mapping, index, last_index, fbatch);
if (!folio_batch_count(fbatch)) {
if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOIO)
return -EAGAIN;
page_cache_sync_readahead(mapping, ra, filp, index,
last_index - index);
filemap_get_read_batch(mapping, index, last_index, fbatch);
}
if (!folio_batch_count(fbatch)) {
if (iocb->ki_flags & (IOCB_NOWAIT | IOCB_WAITQ))
return -EAGAIN;
err = filemap_create_folio(filp, mapping,
iocb->ki_pos >> PAGE_SHIFT, fbatch);
if (err == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE)
goto retry;
return err;
}
folio = fbatch->folios[folio_batch_count(fbatch) - 1];
if (folio_test_readahead(folio)) {
err = filemap_readahead(iocb, filp, mapping, folio, last_index);
if (err)
goto err;
}
if (!folio_test_uptodate(folio)) {
if ((iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ) &&
folio_batch_count(fbatch) > 1)
iocb->ki_flags |= IOCB_NOWAIT;
err = filemap_update_page(iocb, mapping, iter, folio);
if (err)
goto err;
}
return 0;
err:
if (err < 0)
folio_put(folio);
if (likely(--fbatch->nr))
return 0;
if (err == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE)
goto retry;
return err;
}
static inline bool pos_same_folio(loff_t pos1, loff_t pos2, struct folio *folio)
{
unsigned int shift = folio_shift(folio);
return (pos1 >> shift == pos2 >> shift);
}
/**
* filemap_read - Read data from the page cache.
* @iocb: The iocb to read.
* @iter: Destination for the data.
* @already_read: Number of bytes already read by the caller.
*
* Copies data from the page cache. If the data is not currently present,
* uses the readahead and read_folio address_space operations to fetch it.
*
* Return: Total number of bytes copied, including those already read by
* the caller. If an error happens before any bytes are copied, returns
* a negative error number.
*/
ssize_t filemap_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
ssize_t already_read)
{
struct file *filp = iocb->ki_filp;
struct file_ra_state *ra = &filp->f_ra;
struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
struct folio_batch fbatch;
int i, error = 0;
bool writably_mapped;
loff_t isize, end_offset;
if (unlikely(iocb->ki_pos >= inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes))
return 0;
if (unlikely(!iov_iter_count(iter)))
return 0;
iov_iter_truncate(iter, inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes);
folio_batch_init(&fbatch);
do {
cond_resched();
/*
* If we've already successfully copied some data, then we
* can no longer safely return -EIOCBQUEUED. Hence mark
* an async read NOWAIT at that point.
*/
if ((iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_WAITQ) && already_read)
iocb->ki_flags |= IOCB_NOWAIT;
if (unlikely(iocb->ki_pos >= i_size_read(inode)))
break;
error = filemap_get_pages(iocb, iter, &fbatch);
if (error < 0)
break;
/*
* i_size must be checked after we know the pages are Uptodate.
*
* Checking i_size after the check allows us to calculate
* the correct value for "nr", which means the zero-filled
* part of the page is not copied back to userspace (unless
* another truncate extends the file - this is desired though).
*/
isize = i_size_read(inode);
if (unlikely(iocb->ki_pos >= isize))
goto put_folios;
end_offset = min_t(loff_t, isize, iocb->ki_pos + iter->count);
/*
* Once we start copying data, we don't want to be touching any
* cachelines that might be contended:
*/
writably_mapped = mapping_writably_mapped(mapping);
/*
* When a read accesses the same folio several times, only
* mark it as accessed the first time.
*/
if (!pos_same_folio(iocb->ki_pos, ra->prev_pos - 1,
fbatch.folios[0]))
folio_mark_accessed(fbatch.folios[0]);
for (i = 0; i < folio_batch_count(&fbatch); i++) {
struct folio *folio = fbatch.folios[i];
size_t fsize = folio_size(folio);
size_t offset = iocb->ki_pos & (fsize - 1);
size_t bytes = min_t(loff_t, end_offset - iocb->ki_pos,
fsize - offset);
size_t copied;
if (end_offset < folio_pos(folio))
break;
if (i > 0)
folio_mark_accessed(folio);
/*
* If users can be writing to this folio using arbitrary
* virtual addresses, take care of potential aliasing
* before reading the folio on the kernel side.
*/
if (writably_mapped)
flush_dcache_folio(folio);
copied = copy_folio_to_iter(folio, offset, bytes, iter);
already_read += copied;
iocb->ki_pos += copied;
ra->prev_pos = iocb->ki_pos;
if (copied < bytes) {
error = -EFAULT;
break;
}
}
put_folios:
for (i = 0; i < folio_batch_count(&fbatch); i++)
folio_put(fbatch.folios[i]);
folio_batch_init(&fbatch);
} while (iov_iter_count(iter) && iocb->ki_pos < isize && !error);
file_accessed(filp);
return already_read ? already_read : error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(filemap_read);
/**
* generic_file_read_iter - generic filesystem read routine
* @iocb: kernel I/O control block
* @iter: destination for the data read
*
* This is the "read_iter()" routine for all filesystems
* that can use the page cache directly.
*
* The IOCB_NOWAIT flag in iocb->ki_flags indicates that -EAGAIN shall
* be returned when no data can be read without waiting for I/O requests
* to complete; it doesn't prevent readahead.
*
* The IOCB_NOIO flag in iocb->ki_flags indicates that no new I/O
* requests shall be made for the read or for readahead. When no data
* can be read, -EAGAIN shall be returned. When readahead would be
* triggered, a partial, possibly empty read shall be returned.
*
* Return:
* * number of bytes copied, even for partial reads
* * negative error code (or 0 if IOCB_NOIO) if nothing was read
*/
ssize_t
generic_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter)
{
size_t count = iov_iter_count(iter);
ssize_t retval = 0;
if (!count)
return 0; /* skip atime */
if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DIRECT) {
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_NOWAIT) {
if (filemap_range_needs_writeback(mapping, iocb->ki_pos,
iocb->ki_pos + count - 1))
return -EAGAIN;
} else {
retval = filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping,
iocb->ki_pos,
iocb->ki_pos + count - 1);
if (retval < 0)
return retval;
}
file_accessed(file);
retval = mapping->a_ops->direct_IO(iocb, iter);
if (retval >= 0) {
iocb->ki_pos += retval;
count -= retval;
}
if (retval != -EIOCBQUEUED)
iov_iter_revert(iter, count - iov_iter_count(iter));
/*
* Btrfs can have a short DIO read if we encounter
* compressed extents, so if there was an error, or if
* we've already read everything we wanted to, or if
* there was a short read because we hit EOF, go ahead
* and return. Otherwise fallthrough to buffered io for
* the rest of the read. Buffered reads will not work for
* DAX files, so don't bother trying.
*/
if (retval < 0 || !count || IS_DAX(inode))
return retval;
if (iocb->ki_pos >= i_size_read(inode))
return retval;
}
return filemap_read(iocb, iter, retval);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_read_iter);
static inline loff_t folio_seek_hole_data(struct xa_state *xas,
struct address_space *mapping, struct folio *folio,
loff_t start, loff_t end, bool seek_data)
{
const struct address_space_operations *ops = mapping->a_ops;
size_t offset, bsz = i_blocksize(mapping->host);
if (xa_is_value(folio) || folio_test_uptodate(folio))
return seek_data ? start : end;
if (!ops->is_partially_uptodate)
return seek_data ? end : start;
xas_pause(xas);
rcu_read_unlock();
folio_lock(folio);
if (unlikely(folio->mapping != mapping))
goto unlock;
offset = offset_in_folio(folio, start) & ~(bsz - 1);
do {
if (ops->is_partially_uptodate(folio, offset, bsz) ==
seek_data)
break;
start = (start + bsz) & ~(bsz - 1);
offset += bsz;
} while (offset < folio_size(folio));
unlock:
folio_unlock(folio);
rcu_read_lock();
return start;
}
static inline size_t seek_folio_size(struct xa_state *xas, struct folio *folio)
{
if (xa_is_value(folio))
return PAGE_SIZE << xa_get_order(xas->xa, xas->xa_index);
return folio_size(folio);
}
/**
* mapping_seek_hole_data - Seek for SEEK_DATA / SEEK_HOLE in the page cache.
* @mapping: Address space to search.
* @start: First byte to consider.
* @end: Limit of search (exclusive).
* @whence: Either SEEK_HOLE or SEEK_DATA.
*
* If the page cache knows which blocks contain holes and which blocks
* contain data, your filesystem can use this function to implement
* SEEK_HOLE and SEEK_DATA. This is useful for filesystems which are
* entirely memory-based such as tmpfs, and filesystems which support
* unwritten extents.
*
* Return: The requested offset on success, or -ENXIO if @whence specifies
* SEEK_DATA and there is no data after @start. There is an implicit hole
* after @end - 1, so SEEK_HOLE returns @end if all the bytes between @start
* and @end contain data.
*/
loff_t mapping_seek_hole_data(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start,
loff_t end, int whence)
{
XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, start >> PAGE_SHIFT);
pgoff_t max = (end - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
bool seek_data = (whence == SEEK_DATA);
struct folio *folio;
if (end <= start)
return -ENXIO;
rcu_read_lock();
while ((folio = find_get_entry(&xas, max, XA_PRESENT))) {
loff_t pos = (u64)xas.xa_index << PAGE_SHIFT;
size_t seek_size;
if (start < pos) {
if (!seek_data)
goto unlock;
start = pos;
}
seek_size = seek_folio_size(&xas, folio);
pos = round_up((u64)pos + 1, seek_size);
start = folio_seek_hole_data(&xas, mapping, folio, start, pos,
seek_data);
if (start < pos)
goto unlock;
if (start >= end)
break;
if (seek_size > PAGE_SIZE)
xas_set(&xas, pos >> PAGE_SHIFT);
if (!xa_is_value(folio))
folio_put(folio);
}
if (seek_data)
start = -ENXIO;
unlock:
rcu_read_unlock();
if (folio && !xa_is_value(folio))
folio_put(folio);
if (start > end)
return end;
return start;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
#define MMAP_LOTSAMISS (100)
/*
* lock_folio_maybe_drop_mmap - lock the page, possibly dropping the mmap_lock
* @vmf - the vm_fault for this fault.
* @folio - the folio to lock.
* @fpin - the pointer to the file we may pin (or is already pinned).
*
* This works similar to lock_folio_or_retry in that it can drop the
* mmap_lock. It differs in that it actually returns the folio locked
* if it returns 1 and 0 if it couldn't lock the folio. If we did have
* to drop the mmap_lock then fpin will point to the pinned file and
* needs to be fput()'ed at a later point.
*/
static int lock_folio_maybe_drop_mmap(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct folio *folio,
struct file **fpin)
{
if (folio_trylock(folio))
return 1;
/*
* NOTE! This will make us return with VM_FAULT_RETRY, but with
* the mmap_lock still held. That's how FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT
* is supposed to work. We have way too many special cases..
*/
if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)
return 0;
*fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, *fpin);
if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE) {
if (__folio_lock_killable(folio)) {
/*
* We didn't have the right flags to drop the mmap_lock,
* but all fault_handlers only check for fatal signals
* if we return VM_FAULT_RETRY, so we need to drop the
* mmap_lock here and return 0 if we don't have a fpin.
*/
if (*fpin == NULL)
mmap_read_unlock(vmf->vma->vm_mm);
return 0;
}
} else
__folio_lock(folio);
return 1;
}
/*
* Synchronous readahead happens when we don't even find a page in the page
* cache at all. We don't want to perform IO under the mmap sem, so if we have
* to drop the mmap sem we return the file that was pinned in order for us to do
* that. If we didn't pin a file then we return NULL. The file that is
* returned needs to be fput()'ed when we're done with it.
*/
static struct file *do_sync_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file;
struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra;
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, ra, mapping, vmf->pgoff);
struct file *fpin = NULL;
unsigned long vm_flags = vmf->vma->vm_flags;
unsigned int mmap_miss;
#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
/* Use the readahead code, even if readahead is disabled */
if (vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE) {
fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin);
ractl._index &= ~((unsigned long)HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1);
ra->size = HPAGE_PMD_NR;
/*
* Fetch two PMD folios, so we get the chance to actually
* readahead, unless we've been told not to.
*/
if (!(vm_flags & VM_RAND_READ))
ra->size *= 2;
ra->async_size = HPAGE_PMD_NR;
page_cache_ra_order(&ractl, ra, HPAGE_PMD_ORDER);
return fpin;
}
#endif
/* If we don't want any read-ahead, don't bother */
if (vm_flags & VM_RAND_READ)
return fpin;
if (!ra->ra_pages)
return fpin;
if (vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ) {
fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin);
page_cache_sync_ra(&ractl, ra->ra_pages);
return fpin;
}
/* Avoid banging the cache line if not needed */
mmap_miss = READ_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss);
if (mmap_miss < MMAP_LOTSAMISS * 10)
WRITE_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss, ++mmap_miss);
/*
* Do we miss much more than hit in this file? If so,
* stop bothering with read-ahead. It will only hurt.
*/
if (mmap_miss > MMAP_LOTSAMISS)
return fpin;
/*
* mmap read-around
*/
fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin);
ra->start = max_t(long, 0, vmf->pgoff - ra->ra_pages / 2);
ra->size = ra->ra_pages;
ra->async_size = ra->ra_pages / 4;
ractl._index = ra->start;
page_cache_ra_order(&ractl, ra, 0);
return fpin;
}
/*
* Asynchronous readahead happens when we find the page and PG_readahead,
* so we want to possibly extend the readahead further. We return the file that
* was pinned if we have to drop the mmap_lock in order to do IO.
*/
static struct file *do_async_mmap_readahead(struct vm_fault *vmf,
struct folio *folio)
{
struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file;
struct file_ra_state *ra = &file->f_ra;
DEFINE_READAHEAD(ractl, file, ra, file->f_mapping, vmf->pgoff);
struct file *fpin = NULL;
unsigned int mmap_miss;
/* If we don't want any read-ahead, don't bother */
if (vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_RAND_READ || !ra->ra_pages)
return fpin;
mmap_miss = READ_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss);
if (mmap_miss)
WRITE_ONCE(ra->mmap_miss, --mmap_miss);
if (folio_test_readahead(folio)) {
fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin);
page_cache_async_ra(&ractl, folio, ra->ra_pages);
}
return fpin;
}
/**
* filemap_fault - read in file data for page fault handling
* @vmf: struct vm_fault containing details of the fault
*
* filemap_fault() is invoked via the vma operations vector for a
* mapped memory region to read in file data during a page fault.
*
* The goto's are kind of ugly, but this streamlines the normal case of having
* it in the page cache, and handles the special cases reasonably without
* having a lot of duplicated code.
*
* vma->vm_mm->mmap_lock must be held on entry.
*
* If our return value has VM_FAULT_RETRY set, it's because the mmap_lock
* may be dropped before doing I/O or by lock_folio_maybe_drop_mmap().
*
* If our return value does not have VM_FAULT_RETRY set, the mmap_lock
* has not been released.
*
* We never return with VM_FAULT_RETRY and a bit from VM_FAULT_ERROR set.
*
* Return: bitwise-OR of %VM_FAULT_ codes.
*/
vm_fault_t filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
int error;
struct file *file = vmf->vma->vm_file;
struct file *fpin = NULL;
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
pgoff_t max_idx, index = vmf->pgoff;
struct folio *folio;
vm_fault_t ret = 0;
bool mapping_locked = false;
max_idx = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(inode), PAGE_SIZE);
if (unlikely(index >= max_idx))
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
/*
* Do we have something in the page cache already?
*/
folio = filemap_get_folio(mapping, index);
if (likely(folio)) {
/*
* We found the page, so try async readahead before waiting for
* the lock.
*/
if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED))
fpin = do_async_mmap_readahead(vmf, folio);
if (unlikely(!folio_test_uptodate(folio))) {
filemap_invalidate_lock_shared(mapping);
mapping_locked = true;
}
} else {
/* No page in the page cache at all */
count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT);
count_memcg_event_mm(vmf->vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT);
ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR;
fpin = do_sync_mmap_readahead(vmf);
retry_find:
/*
* See comment in filemap_create_folio() why we need
* invalidate_lock
*/
if (!mapping_locked) {
filemap_invalidate_lock_shared(mapping);
mapping_locked = true;
}
folio = __filemap_get_folio(mapping, index,
FGP_CREAT|FGP_FOR_MMAP,
vmf->gfp_mask);
if (!folio) {
if (fpin)
goto out_retry;
filemap_invalidate_unlock_shared(mapping);
return VM_FAULT_OOM;
}
}
if (!lock_folio_maybe_drop_mmap(vmf, folio, &fpin))
goto out_retry;
/* Did it get truncated? */
if (unlikely(folio->mapping != mapping)) {
folio_unlock(folio);
folio_put(folio);
goto retry_find;
}
VM_BUG_ON_FOLIO(!folio_contains(folio, index), folio);
/*
* We have a locked page in the page cache, now we need to check
* that it's up-to-date. If not, it is going to be due to an error.
*/
if (unlikely(!folio_test_uptodate(folio))) {
/*
* The page was in cache and uptodate and now it is not.
* Strange but possible since we didn't hold the page lock all
* the time. Let's drop everything get the invalidate lock and
* try again.
*/
if (!mapping_locked) {
folio_unlock(folio);
folio_put(folio);
goto retry_find;
}
goto page_not_uptodate;
}
/*
* We've made it this far and we had to drop our mmap_lock, now is the
* time to return to the upper layer and have it re-find the vma and
* redo the fault.
*/
if (fpin) {
folio_unlock(folio);
goto out_retry;
}
if (mapping_locked)
filemap_invalidate_unlock_shared(mapping);
/*
* Found the page and have a reference on it.
* We must recheck i_size under page lock.
*/
max_idx = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(inode), PAGE_SIZE);
if (unlikely(index >= max_idx)) {
folio_unlock(folio);
folio_put(folio);
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
}
vmf->page = folio_file_page(folio, index);
return ret | VM_FAULT_LOCKED;
page_not_uptodate:
/*
* Umm, take care of errors if the page isn't up-to-date.
* Try to re-read it _once_. We do this synchronously,
* because there really aren't any performance issues here
* and we need to check for errors.
*/
fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, fpin);
error = filemap_read_folio(file, mapping, folio);
if (fpin)
goto out_retry;
folio_put(folio);
if (!error || error == AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE)
goto retry_find;
filemap_invalidate_unlock_shared(mapping);
return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
out_retry:
/*
* We dropped the mmap_lock, we need to return to the fault handler to
* re-find the vma and come back and find our hopefully still populated
* page.
*/
if (folio)
folio_put(folio);
if (mapping_locked)
filemap_invalidate_unlock_shared(mapping);
if (fpin)
fput(fpin);
return ret | VM_FAULT_RETRY;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_fault);
static bool filemap_map_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vmf->vma->vm_mm;
/* Huge page is mapped? No need to proceed. */
if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) {
unlock_page(page);
put_page(page);
return true;
}
if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransHuge(page)) {
vm_fault_t ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page);
if (!ret) {
/* The page is mapped successfully, reference consumed. */
unlock_page(page);
return true;
}
}
if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))
pmd_install(mm, vmf->pmd, &vmf->prealloc_pte);
/* See comment in handle_pte_fault() */
if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) {
unlock_page(page);
put_page(page);
return true;
}
return false;
}
static struct folio *next_uptodate_page(struct folio *folio,
struct address_space *mapping,
struct xa_state *xas, pgoff_t end_pgoff)
{
unsigned long max_idx;
do {
if (!folio)
return NULL;
if (xas_retry(xas, folio))
continue;
if (xa_is_value(folio))
continue;
if (folio_test_locked(folio))
continue;
if (!folio_try_get_rcu(folio))
continue;
/* Has the page moved or been split? */
if (unlikely(folio != xas_reload(xas)))
goto skip;
if (!folio_test_uptodate(folio) || folio_test_readahead(folio))
goto skip;
if (!folio_trylock(folio))
goto skip;
if (folio->mapping != mapping)
goto unlock;
if (!folio_test_uptodate(folio))
goto unlock;
max_idx = DIV_ROUND_UP(i_size_read(mapping->host), PAGE_SIZE);
if (xas->xa_index >= max_idx)
goto unlock;
return folio;
unlock:
folio_unlock(folio);
skip:
folio_put(folio);
} while ((folio = xas_next_entry(xas,